Act F.A.S.T. to save lives
A stroke affects blood flow supplying oxygen and nutrients to the brain. A stroke is considered a major emergency, and prompt treatment is the most effective way to help reduce the chance of brain damage or even death.
FACE – Ask the person to smile.
Warning sign – One side of the face does not move as well as the other.
ARMS – Ask the person to raise both arms.
Warning sign – One arm does not move or one arm drifts.
SPEECH – Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence, such as “You can’t teach an old dog new tricks.”
Warning sign – The person slurs words or cannot speak.
TIME – Find out when the person was last seen well.
Advantage – More advanced treatment options may be available if medical care is received within three hours of the start of symptoms.
If someone you know is experiencing one or more of these warning signs, call 911 immediately.
Warning signs of brain aneurysm:
An aneurysm is a bulge in a brain artery. More than 15 million people in the United States have small brain aneurysms that may or may not cause any problems. When an aneurysm becomes very large or ruptures, it can be very dangerous and needs to be treated immediately.
Common symptoms of an aneurysm:
- A dilated pupil
- Changes in vision (including loss or double vision)
- Dropping eyelid
- Weakness, numbness or paralysis of one side of the face
- Pain above and behind the eye
Symptoms of a ruptured aneurysm:
- Extremely severe headache that comes on suddenly – often described as the “worst headache of one’s life”
- Double vision
- Nausea or vomiting
- Stiffness in the neck
- Loss of consciousness
A ruptured aneurysm is a medical emergency. Call 911 and seek immediate medical help if you have a sudden, severe headache, especially if you also are nauseous and vomiting.
Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States.
More than 143,000 people die each year from stroke in the United States.
Each year, 795,000 people suffer a stroke.
Strokes can – and do – occur at ANY age. Nearly one quarter of strokes occur in people under the age of 65.
On average, every 40 seconds someone in the United States has a stroke.
Kentucky ranks 11th in the nation for stroke deaths.
Stroke accounted for more than six percent of deaths in Kentucky in 2004.
In Kentucky, African-Americans experience the highest stroke death rate.